How did these works influence the world
Osamu Tezuka and his manga work
Although today a variation of styles can be seen in mangas, the main characteristics that still remains till today is the exaggerated eyes which Tezuka was responsible for.
Another key characteristic of mangas are the cinematic action to manga again made famous by Tezuka where he though the previous comics were very limited as if they the story was told in a stage play setting where actors emerge from hidden areas of the stage and to the centre to perform.
Tezuka found that this made it difficult to portray a dramatic or psychological effects thus he began to experimenting with cinematic techniques such as close-ups and different angles rather of only using only one frame for an action scene or the climax which was customary at screen play back then.
Incorporations of emotions where another key point in his method of storytelling through manga. Comic abroad has always been themed to motivate and entertain it’s audience but Tezuka believed that they were capable of more than just making people laugh. Thus the wide range of emotions incorporated in his work which he portrayed through the facial expressions of his drawn characters and the theme of his story. It was not un natural where his work will end in a way that would not satisfy the audience, unlike western comics where the endings are predictable.
Along the way, the unique characteristics of a Japanese manga grew with the help of other local artist and influences of foreign sources. (See in next post on characteristics of a manga)
Thou he is no longer with us today, his influences carries on to artists such as Hayao Miyazaki, Akira Toriyama who are the current powerhouse in the manga/anime field where they have brought it to the next level of globalisation of this Japanese culture. Hayao Miyazaki company Studio Ghibli produced animes like ‘Howl’s Moving Castle’ and ‘Kiki’s Delivery Service’ won major international awards, and ‘Spirited Away’ received an Oscar in 2003 (Maktoob, 2012). This went on to inspire the world in story telling through illustrations and animation. In China, Hong Kong and Taiwan, Manga-influenced comics exist and they are called “manhua”( Wong, 2002), and in south korea they are called “Manhwa” On the European side like France, manga inspired work are called manfra and la nouvelle manga which are developed as forms of bande dessinee or also know as Franco-Belgian comics. Renouned US comic writer Frank Miller has used manga as his base for his work such as his book titled ‘Ronin’.Besides comics, manga influences can be seen on films like ‘The Matrix’ trilogy, ‘Avatar’ and ‘Kill Bill’. Manga inspired artists skyrocket across the globe and today it is seen as a field in the entertainment industry where studios are emerging and new contents are being created.
Noted above I did mention the term anime which is a Japanese word for animation that have been recognised all over the globe. Main source of inspiration and stories of anime usually originate from manga where manga plays the role of story boarding material. Manga fans were certainly delighted to experience their favourite Manga in animation. Later manga would influence the existence for video games and life action films where the original storyline would be adopted.
Wong Wendy Siuyi, 2002. Hong Kong Comics: A History of Manhua. [PDF] Available at:https://books.google.com.my/books?id=sNaQQxhcD-oC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false .[Accessed 19 June 2016]
Maktoob, 2012. The phenomenon of Japanese manga and its influence around the world. [ONLINE] Available at:https://uk.news.yahoo.com/the-phenomenon-of-japanese-manga-and-its-influence-around-the-world-20120522.html. [Accessed 18 June 2016].