In the 2000s another flood of Japonisme has hurried over the world with an inundation of anime, manga, “Harujuku” design, kawaii toys, ramen-interests, cosplay, import auto culture, the blast of Japanese neo-pop craftsmen, and the ascent of computer games among numerous others. But for this time, we will discuss upon how Japanese comic, also known as manga has Influence and been adapted across different countries.
Japanese manga has taken the world by storm to become Japan’s most popular cultural export. The term “manga” is believed to have been first used by the renowned 16th ukiyo-e artist, Katsushika Hokusai and became commonly used in the late 18th century (Prohl & Nelson, 2012) when the production of the low-cost illustrated kibyōshi (yellow-backed) novels where modern manga first appeared.
The word “manga” originates from the Japanese word 漫画 in kanji. 漫 (man) meaning “whimsical or impromptu” and 画 (ga) meaning “pictures” (Basically a narrative made up of images and presented in an arrangement.
The history of manga and it’s progress towards a modern approach have described by many historians and researchers as two broad and complementary processes where they attributed to the role of cultural and historical events following World War II against the role of pre-war events, the Meiji and pre-Meiji period of Japanese culture and art.
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity certainly occurred in the post-war period as writer Frederik L. Schodt stated. The people from japan had more materials and new influences to work on from the Americans at that time rather than concentrating on the war effort and the country was in a recovery state. Many artist started creating mangas again but one stood out the most. The renowned Osamu Tezuka made the impact in the field of manga which is impossible to overstate as his influence has driven the industry to where it is today. Tezuka has made Japanese manga what it is today and popularized it internationally with his great success while still inspiring many others and continues to do so even today even after his death (John, 2013).
tktkboon, 2016. Manga’s History-Youtube. [ONLINE VIDEO] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dhfw4vM-5fQ. [ Accessed 13 June 2016].
Inken Prohl, John K. Nelson, 2012.Handbook of Contemporary Japanese Religions. [PDF] Available at: https://books.google.com.my/books?id=uiZi2mgC5a4C&pg=PA596&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false. [Accessed 9 June 2016].
John, 2013. GODFATHER OF ANIME, OSAMU TEZUKA. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.tofugu.com/japan/osamu-tezuka-history/. [Accessed 14 January 2016].
Robert S. Petersen, 2011. Comics, Manga, and Graphic Novels: A History of Graphic Narratives. [PDF] Available at https://books.google.com.my/booksid=Hr7aZh6oonoC&pg=PA120&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false. [Accessed 8 June 2016].